This page contains SELECTED scaffolding strategies, categorized by purpose.





Analogizing



Activating Prior Knowledge




Analyzing


Annotate
Categorize, map, match sequence, or sort--objects, pictures, or sentences
Contextual Inquiry
Highlight
Literature Circle Thinking Hats
Responding to Non-fiction Template
Selective Underlining
Semantic Feature Analysis
SQ4R


Brainstorming


ABC Brainstorm


Building Academic Language


AcademicLanguageFunctionToolkit.JPG

  • Categories (i.e. Carnivores, Dairy, Perennials, Produce, Reptiles)

  • Content-specific Vocabulary (Congruent, Immigrate, Mitosis, Stanza)

  • Expand the Context (Self --> Neighborhood --> Community --> Country --> Culture --> World)

  • Focus on General Academic Language That Transfers Across Disciplines (Argument, Contribute, Evolve, Expansion, Generate, Network, Preserve)

  • Mind Maps & Word Families (nourish, nutrients, nutrition, nutritious, malnourished)

  • Progressively Shift from Concrete to Abstract (My boyfriend --> Affection)

  • Substitute Prepositional Phrases (to come back = to return; to give up = to surrender)

  • Teach Transitional Words & Phrases (By contrast, Consequently, Furthermore, However, Therefore)

  • Use Technical Terms (Calibrate, cardiac, configure, contusion, pediatric, polymer)

  • Word Study (i.e, word roots, prefixes, suffixes, synonyms and antonyms, compound words)


Checking for Comprehension/Understanding


€ABC Boxes
ABC Summary
Acrostic
Blog or Discussion Forum
Choose Your Own Reading Activity
€Closure Activities
Exit Tickets
Foldables
€Games
Gimme 5
Grab-a-Word or Picture
Graphic Organizers
Hear/Circle
Interview the Text
Journal
PearDeck
Popcorn
Reading Response Choice Boards
€Reflect or Self-assess (I can . . . )
Self-assessments (I can . . . )
Sentence Starters for Reader Response
€Sequence (Events, Images, Text)
Signal Cards
Snowballs
Sound Effects Read Aloud Activity
Think-Pair-Share
Three, Two, One
Total Physical Response (TPR)
Wows, Wishes, & Words of Wisdom
Write True/False Statements


Collaborating



Collaborative Inquiry Template
Group Norms
Group Roles (Tent Cards)
7NormsOfCollaboration.JPG
Learning Centers
Process Sheets
Signal(s) for Attention
Toolkit for Collaboration



Comparing


Chart
Compare & Contrast
Compare & Contrast Key Words
Graphic Organizer
Map
Mind Map
Open Compare/Contrast
T-chart
Venn Diagram
Venn Diagram (2, 3, with summary)
Web


Critical Thinking


Graphic Organizers
Process Sheets
Story Boards (Elementary version; Online Storyboard Creator)
Think Alouds
Thinking Routines
Venn Diagrams
Word Sorts

Debating

Human Graphing (Ex 1, Ex 2)
Tricider


Defining



Concept Definition Map



Discussing



€Affinity Diagram (Example)
Carrousel Walk
Contextual Inquiry
FacilitatingClassDiscussionsForNovicesAmyLeonard.JPG

Fishbowl
Focus Group
Four Corners
Games (Tell Me About)
ChecklistGoalsForProductiveDiscussionsAndNineTalkMoves.JPG
€Human Graphing (Ex 1, Ex 2)
Inside/Outside Circles
Interviews
IntroductionToSpeakingSkillsLanguageForDiscussion.JPG
€Jigsaw
Mixers
Musical Chairs
Paired Activities (Information Gap)
Panel of Experts
€Problem-solving Tasks
Protocols
Protocols from Expeditionary Learning
€Reciprocal/Power Teaching
Role Plays
Sentence Frames
Sentence Starters
Signature Searches
Simulations
Story Squares
Strategies for Structuring Discussions
€Surveys or Questionnaires
Templates
Text Rendering Protocol
Think-Pair-Share
Word Walls



Evaluating Pros/Cons


The 4 As Protocol
Weighted Pros and Cons
Decision Making Worksheet
Appraising Change Worksheet



Giving Feedback


Carrousel Walk
Quality Work Protocol - Pages 6-10 of this PDF contain templates teachers can use to help learners identify and evaluate quality work
Resources for Giving Feedback



Interviewing


Interview Preparation
Interview Template




Investigating


Inquiry Chart
Scavenger Hunt (Another ex.)
Signature Searches
Surveys or Questionnaires



Organizing & Synthesizing Information


Affinity Diagram (Example)
€Cause and Effect Worksheet
Character Comparisons/Maps
Graphic Organizers
Pattern Puzzles
€Story Map
Text Rendering Protocol
Thesis/Proof
Venn Diagram (2, 3, w/ summary)


Predicting



Anticipation Guide
Cloze Passages
Highlight words they KNOW
KWL Chart (Modified)or Inquiry Chart
Magic Box
Mystery Picture
Predict the Text with Pictures
Read an Easier Text on Same Topic


Presenting


Kindergarteners as Experts - A video that explains how Kindergarten teachers paired their students with a 6th grade partner in order to research a particular bird species. What is powerful here is the way that a standardized "project board" format enabled the Kindergarten children to successfully share and present their research
Show & Tell



Project-based Language Learning

PBL in the TL FAQs (by Laura Sexton)
PBL Tips for TL Teaching (by Laura Sexton)
Project-based Language Learning Wiki (with resources for scaffolding specific aspects from Cherice Montgomery & Cindy Kendall)



Questioning

(See also: Interviewing)

Effective Questioning & Classroom Talk (a Toolkit)
QAR
Questioning
Reader Response
Reciprocal Strategies Wksheet
The Six Types of Socratic Questions
Think Aloud



Retelling


Expository Text Retelling Rubric
Inside/Outside Circles
Jigsaw (Read & Retell)
Narrative Story Retelling Checklist
Non-fiction Retelling Self-assessment Sheet (elementary)
Read & Retell
Roll & Retell
Roll a Topic
Say Something (Sentence Stems)
Sentence Frames
Story Boards (Elementary version; Online Storyboard Creator)
Story Maps (Online StoryMap Creator)
Templates (Foldables, Pop-up Cards, Scientific Writing Scaffolds, Smoosh Books, Videos)



Scaffolding Engagement



Extract information for a purpose

  • Annotate the text
  • Ask questions
  • Categorize or sort
  • Compare and contrast
  • Highlight words you know
  • Identify main ideas
  • Illustrate
  • Locate important details
  • Match pictures to sentences
  • Note comprehension (√,?, !, ♥)
  • Paraphrase or summarize
  • Predict (Y/N, Word Splash)
  • Sequence main ideas, ¶s
  • Write headings or titles


Scaffolding the Reading Process


  • Engage students with pre, during, post-reading activities
  • Read a simpler text first that exposes students to conceptual or cultural content, language patterns, or vocabulary
  • Read multiple texts on the same topic
  • Focus on main ideas, then details, then implications
  • Teach reading strategies
  • Use activity protocols


Scaffolding Text Structure


Format the text:
o Divide it into smaller, more manageable chunks
o Increase the font size
o Double-space between sentences & paragraphs
o Bold main ideas
o Highlight and color code important language patterns
o Add headings, titles, or captions to long passages for orientation

Add Features to the Text:
o Hints regarding genre
o Images that clarify meaning
o Links or QR codes to related texts
o Paraphrases of main points
o Opportunities to DO something at strategic points (Create, make a personal connection, reflect, summarize, tell a partner something)




Summarizing


ABC Boxes
ABC Brainstorm
ABC Summary
Acrostic
Assemble Cut-up Summaries
Checklist Retelling
Closure Activities
Common Core Sentence Frames
Dramatize
Draw or Illustrate Key Passages of Text
Exit Tickets
Foldables
Graphic Organizers
Gimme 5
Invent Subtitles
Lesson Closure Frame
Making Inferences
Map the Story
Paraphrase
Read & Retell
Reciprocal/Power Teaching
Roll & Retell
Save the Last Word for Me
Snowballs
Story Pyramid
Story Squares
Sum It Up (Instructions)
Text Rendering Protocol
Three-minute Pause
3-2-1


Task Completion


Flask


Video Production


5-shot Guide to Video Production - Demonstrates different camera shots with a list of key principles


Vocabulary Development


AcademicLanguageInAnInstantInContentClasses.JPG
Antonyms
Categorize
Cognates
Focus on General Academic Language That Transfers Across Disciplines
Graphic Organizers (See these as well)
Language Ladders
Mind Maps
Prefixes
Signal Cards
Stand When You Hear...
Suffixes
Synonyms
Vocabulary Graphic Organizers
Vocabulary Word Map (Alt. Version)
Word Banks
Word Families
Word Roots
Word Walls (Editable Word Wall Templates)